Sending Emails From Terminal In Linux
Here's look at some that offer interesting options. mail. The easiest way to send a simple message from the Linux command line is to use the mail command. Maybe you need to sendmail. You can also use sendmail on the command line to send a message complete with a subject line. Subject. The mail command is most popular command to send emails from Linux terminal. The mail command can be installed from the distribution official repository as follows. For “Debian/Ubuntu” systems, use APT-GET Command or APT Command to install mailutils. $ sudo apt-get install mailutils.
We sdnd know the importance of emails these days for information frok. There are many free emails service providers which we used for use like Gmail, Yahoo, RediffMail etc, which provides a web interface for sending and receiving emails. But this is not enough, sometimes we also required to send emails from system command line. This tutorial will provide you multiple ways to send emails from the Linux command line.
This is useful for sending email through our how to turn off yahoo safesearch scripts, cronjobs etc. There are various ways to send emails from the command line but here I am fmail few options used by most users.
Senx can use anyone option given below to send email from Linux command line. Sendmail allows sending email from command line. Use few of below examples to send an email. You may face issue: Bash: mail: command not found.
Mutt command is little similar to mail command. For example to send an email explain how to categorize data mining system user [email protected] use following command.
Now type your subject of the email as below with keyword Subject. As per my experience, all system administrators use telnet command to test remote port connectivity test or login to the server remotely.
Most of the newbie in Linux doesn't know that we can send email ejail telnet also, which is the better way to troubleshoot email sending problems. Below is an example of email sending. Red marked text linjx the user input and remaining is the responses of that commands. Thank you for using this article. We will add more ways soon with this list. We also request ekail to help me with more commands which you know hwo not listed above.
I, Rahul Kumar am the founder and chief editor of TecAdmin. I have a. I tried BCC -b with mailx but it is not working as expected. Only the first person is getting the mail and he is in BCC which is correct but rest are not getting the email. Do quick, mini, hassle-free email marketing with this small but Powerful tool? Sene, mail command is available multiple packages and some differences.
Debian based systems use mailutils and Redhat based systems use mailx as default package for mail. Linuz help me. Installed mantis in my cent os 6. Last login: Mon May 1 vrom Using telnet to send email is incredibly fustrating. SMTP servers lniux not made for humans. Is there any command for this? That is how the command knows to send. Otherwise it keeps waiting for you to add more to the body. All rfom these work Sam. Perhaps you need to check your permissions. You should definitely be able to use the Telnet option.
Emai tried both the options and worked successfully. None of this works even on Debian 9. It used to be so simple to send mail via command line in Linux. Also, how to specify the smtp server?? None of the newer send mail commands seem to allow this anymore.
I know busybox has a sendmail command that works great on embedded systems, but on my Debian distro they took out the sendmail command from busybox! I want to configure sendmail in my linux host and send email from linux host to my microsoft outlook email id.
I tried few configurations but all are not working. Can you please help me by providing detail steps to do what is a consonant digraphs configuration and send email from linux machine.
Hello, which version of mail accepts attachments from command line? I know you frok the knowledge of the manuals. Instead of that, use the sendmail the same way that you use mail. For anyone that can choose sendmail and mail, mail is better. Im sorry but is the truth, its more flexible. HiCan anyone help sebd like how to configure send mail server on my system. I have installed Solaris 10 on my system.
HiCan you please help melike how to configure sendmail for sending mailsI have installed Solaris 10 on. I need help to configure send mail server. I need to run a command and the result will display on the screen. How do I run the command and get the output to be sent to my email as well? The Telnet example does not assume an MTA is installed and could be run from the linux command line of something like a Samsung phone.
All of these examples assume that an MTA is installed on localhost. Search for: Search. Share on Facebook. Share on Twitter. Share on LinkedIn. Share on Reddit. Share on Tumblr. Share on Whatsapp. Rahul Connect on Facebook Connect on Twitter. January 7, at am. Alauddin Reply. December 16, at pm. Pankaj kumar Reply. July 15, at pm. Robert Gosh Reply. April 2, at pm. April 1, at am. October 8, at am. Rahul K. October 10, at am. Upendra Naidu Reply. August 3, at am.
Bobic Reply. May 4, at am. May 4, at pm. CG10 Reply. May 27, at pm. Shabareesh TP Reply. February frmo, at pm. Matthew Reply. October 16, at pm. Sam Reply. September 9, at pm. I tried all 5 of these methods to send email from Linux command line. None vrom them work. April 2, at am. April 19, at am. Shiv Reply. December 3, at am. July 1, at pm.
2. Using ‘mail’ Command
Nov 17, · $ cat ~/.muttrc set sendmail="/usr/bin/msmtp" set use_from=yes set [email protected] Firstly, with the line set sendmail=/usr/bin/msmtp, mutt will send email using the msmtp command. Next, we’ve also set use_from to . Any email client of your choice may be used for sending and receiving emails with attachments. As a Linux user, you might prefer terminal-based methods of sending emails with attachments. This article shows you four different methods of sending emails with attachments from the command line in Linux . Using the sendmail command might be the most easy way to send e-mails via Linux shell CLI (Command Line Interface), apart from mailx, which can be used in conjunction with sendmail to make it even easier to send and receive mails from command line.
In this post you'll learn how to send emails from the Linux command line. I'll show the most often used commands, SMTP configuration and terminal options. Whether you are a developer working non-stop in the Linux command line or a server administrator wanting logs or other data extracted from administered systems, knowing how to send email from the command line is greatly useful.
In this post, you'll find examples of how to send email from the terminal. We'll look at custom configurations and touch on how to set up SMTP connections to email accounts or email service providers. I'll show you how to install the necessary console mailer packages and provide background for command line options based on the package's manuals. All the mailer packages throughout the tutorial are available through Debian's Advanced Package Manager so the installation steps in the example below may be used for all the showcased packages.
Please note that these pieces of software may be installed by other default package managers such as yum or dnf depending on your Linux system distribution. In most cases, either sendmail or postfix is available in each Linux distribution out-of-the-box or at least that's what similar blog posts say. Either I'm unlucky or the others were wrong, but I had to install one manually. However, you definitely need one of them for email delivery. SSMTP contains the sendmail package under the hood as you'll see and it facilitates the configuration, which is pretty hard for sendmail otherwise.
Type in the mailer package's name just the way you would run the command, to check if it's available:. If the package is installed, the command runs, and the prompt changes — while trying to execute the command — and you'll see a blinking cursor followed by the message Recipient names must be specified in the case of sendmail.
Conclusion: the package is installed. If the package is NOT installed, you'll receive a warning message and a suggestion how to install it:. In this example, I tried if the sendmail command works. After we add the SSMTP package, this command and the ssmtp command will both work and change the command prompt in the terminal.
Let's look at that! As the terminal output suggested, we need to run the Advanced Package Manager's install command — usually with root permission — to install the necessary package. As mentioned before, the configurations are much simpler for sendmail when you abstract away the complexity of the configuration.
After the installation completed, you can check if sendmail is able to forward messages. Type the below code in the terminal:. It should send out the email if everything works correctly. Here the "hello" string piped to the sendmail command will be the subject of the sent message, while the defined email address is naturally the recipient of the email.
You run the command The reason for this is that we didn't provide mailhub settings at all. In order to forward messages, you need an SMTP server configured. That's where SSMTP performs really well: you just need to edit its configuration file once, and you are good to go. Here, you should put the code below to configure an SMTP relay:.
This means that you set up an external service that will actually forward your emails. When you provide credentials to Gmail for example, you'll see the messages sent from the terminal in your mailbox's 'Sent mail' directory. The configurations look similar with other services too. This was the basic configuration for sendmail and the installation steps for any frequently used command line mailer package.
Next, we'll jump on installing and trying out various other packages. This is a nice little tool we just configured for mail delivery. As its man page suggests , it's a minimalistic emulator of sendmail.
It provides the means to connect to a mailhub with a proper configuration file. If your config file was set up right, all your worries regarding command line email sending can disappear. Following the ssmtp command, you should put the recipient address, then you can include a file that will show in the email body. Here you can define headers for the message, list further recipients and set the content type.
This way you can send HTML emails. SSMTP will interpret your message and use the provided values properly. Here is an example of an HTML you might send:. You can't really give further options with SSMTP as they are not respected by its minimalistic design. To get rid of this error, you need to change the settings in your Gmail account — you can look up more information on potential risks there as well.
For quite some time now sendmail is the classical mail transfer agent from the world of UNIX. It was first introduced in and its highly-configurable nature and scalability made it the default go-to for server administrators.
We've already seen how to send basic emails by the ssmtp command, so let's see the difference using sendmail :. I threw in the -v argument, which will make the communication between the mail server and your mail transfer agent visible. There are plenty of configurations that you can use if you set up your own mail server and implement sendmail on it. However, that is out of the scope of this article.
We will return to the topic in an upcoming one. Stay tuned. This tool is also tremendously common for data transfer from a server. When you're done, you can access the cheat sheet for the available options for CURL by running curl -h. The more detailed version is accessible by either man curl or curl --manual. If you want to gain in-depth knowledge using cURL, there's this handy Ebook that contains everything you would ever want to know.
Please note that you must turn on access for less secure apps in Gmail settings and similar additional security settings may apply for Yahoo as well. In the terminal command snippet above, the --url and --user parameters define the SMTP connection settings. The password section for --user parameter is your account's password for the given email address. Naturally, you could also use cloud email service providers. I will show that using Mailgun in the following section.
Working with email delivery platforms, you first need to obtain an API key. In this tutorial, I'll show CURL email sending example using Mailgun, so if you get stuck during the registration process follow this setup guide to get on the right track. The syntax is pretty straightforward. This is a line continuation character, the command can be run without them all in one line as well. The other thing to remember is the -F option.
An excerpt from the man page:. As I encouraged before, it's a good practice to dive into the manuals when using these command line mailer commands. As the CURL manual says, basically you're creating a form to send.
When you attach files from your local machine, you need an in front of the file name. This is how the delivered email will look like:. You could do the same using most of the other email delivery platforms, like Sendgrid for example. You can apply the same logic of building a form in a text file, which enables you to send HTML messages easily:. CURL will return an error message if the remote server is using a self-signed certificate, or if the remote server certificate is not signed by a CA listed in the CA cert file.
It also supports multiple transport methods including UNIX-domain sockets, internet-domain sockets, and pipes to spawned processes. In order to connect to an SMTP account you need to provide the server -s , the user -au , the password -ap and the address -t where you want to send your mail flags. The -tls flag is also important if you connect on port The credentials can also be provided via command line prompts, if you only specify to authenticate -a , not filling in the user and password through command line options.
Mutt is different from the previous email clients, as it is a feature-rich command line email client. Mutt supports several mailbox formats such as mbox, MH, maildir, MMDF, full control of message headers during email composition, and multiple message tagging and colors to handle messages. By this time you won't be surprised by the structure of the command.
For sending email including attachments, you need the -a flag. This way you can send useful files, like system logs, to a specified address. Mutt will recognize the file type and resolve it so it won't send your HTML as plain text:. This is it for email sending with mutt.
If you have it on your machine, I'd suggest to try out how you can work with incoming configuring your mailbox and handling incoming messages. If you do so, please share your thoughts in the comment section below. I welcome any opinion about the packages shown in the tutorial. The Mailutils is a compound package for multiple use cases. It's designed to serve regular users, system administrators, and developers. We'll only touch on its basic functionalities regarding email forwarding. If you are interested in more features, check out its man page.
The mailx package has 2 equal command syntax mail and mailx both work in the exact same way. Such a command should look like this:. By using the echo command and piping the output to the mail command, you can avoid mailx's additional prompts for Cc addresses and the message body.
For the advanced example, we will send a full-fledged HTML email again. The full code looks as follows:.