Slam in NoTrump - Quantitative Bids
Your partner opens 1 No Trump, and you have a balanced or semi-balanced hand (see above for a description of this) then you should add your points to your partner's minimum points (12) and if the total is 23 – 26, you should bid 2 No Trumps. That means that opposite a bid of 1 No Trump you should bid 2 No Trumps with 11 or 12 points. If you have ten points or. Planning the play at notrump is very different from suit contracts. While at suits your thinking is more along "what will I lose," at notrump, it is what will I win. Count your sure tricks (in both hands). You can take into account the opening lead. For example, if you have K2 and dummy has 43 and they lead a spade, you are sure to take a spade.
Bridge - bid and play techniques, with prepared hands. Quizzes, crib sheets, opening leads. A Weak NT opening. Acol is almost always weak, but can use both: a few players switch to Strong NT when vulnerable. American Standard uses Strong only. It used to mean HCP, and to some people it still does. A Weak NT opening means balanced. Decide with your partner beforehand if you want to use this convention, and also think about using it just for when you are vulnerable. The responses need to be adjusted to take this into account, so for example a Stayman response would only need 8 points if you are using Strong NT, not 11, since you know the opener is 3 points stronger.
You'll also need to figure out what you are going to bid with a weak balanced hand pointswhich is a whole new problem. Nothing on this website may be reproduced without written permission from Bid and Made. Just drop us a line, and we'll almost certainly say yes. How to use Suit slam Importance of length Convention card A-Z Glossary A-Z Glossary. Balanced-Unbalanced How strong is your hand, HCP Distribution points Losing trick count Barrier-Reversing Selection of opening suit Showing shape The skip over principle Rule of 20 Opening 1 of a suit a.
Rule of 25 Opening 2 of a suit b. Rule of Max penalty risk on preempt if doubled c. Law of total tricks d. Rule of Protective bidding. Plan of attack Unbal, 12 to 19 HCPs, 1 suit Unbal, Strong 2s Unbal, Pre-emptive Unbal, Gambling 3NT Benji Strong 2s. After 1NT, General principles After 1NT, Weak After 1NT, Getting out of trouble After 2NT After 1NT, and Enemy has interfered After 1 Suit, With fit After 1 Suit, No fit, but alternative suit After 1 Suit, No fit, no new suit, probably balanced After 1 Suit, 6 points, nothing to bid After 1 Suit, Very strong After 1 How to remove root from android phone, Weak freak After 2 Suit, Strong 2s After 2 Suit, Weak how to naturally change your eye color permanently at home After 3 Suit, Responding to preempt.
Unbalanced, The general idea Unbalanced, You are weak Unbalanced, You are strong Unbalanced, Partner replied with 1NT Unbalanced, Delayed support Responder rebids, The general idea Choice of two suits Responders reverse After 1NT rebid.
Stayman Transfer Transfer after 2NT Minor suit transfer. Slam, Spotting the chance Blackwood No-trump slam Gerber Extra slam techniques. Overcalls, the basic idea Overcalls, in a suit, over a suit Overcalls, in a suit, over 1NT Overcalls, in NT, over a suit Overcalls, Jump overcall How to play no trump hand in bridge, Double then bid a suit Overcalls, Bidding opponents suit Overcalls, Balancing protective Overcalls, Overcall a preempt Overcalls, Preemptive double jump Overcalls, To overcall, or to double Overcalls, Response to 1NT after suit overcall Lebensohl Defence after 1NT Competitive bidding Be cautious sometimes Sacrificing Be bold when non-vulnerable Sacrificing Doubles, Double a 1NT Doubles, Double for takeout Doubles, Doubling after opponent overcall Doubles, Protective double.
Doubles, Negative double Doubles, Double a 1NT overcall Doubles, Double a suit over 1NT Doubles, Protective double Doubles, Responsive double Doubles, Double then bid a suit Doubles, Penalty Doubles, Support double Doubles, Lead directing double
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Best play is to go to dummy with a club or spade and then finesse East for the Q. If the finesse works, you get an extra trick. If it doesn’t, West cannot return another heart without setting up your jack as a second stopper. Avoidance Example #3: East is the danger hand because if . spades are gone, no matter which suit East leads next, South will take the trick. (Trick #3) South now plays the 3 ¦ to force out the K ¦. West will play the K ¦ and take the trick this time. (Trick #4 X) All N/S spades are now winners. Mission accomplished! No matter which card West leads now, N/S hands have all the winners. South will. Best play is to go to dummy with a club or spade and then finesse East for the Q. If the finesse works, you get an extra trick. If it doesn’t, West cannot return another heart without setting up your jack as a second stopper. Avoidance Example #3: East is the danger hand because if they get in before all of the trump.
By Ralph Welton. Opening bids tell partner about your hand, especially how many points you have and how many cards you have in a particular suit. Similarly, partner's responding bids tell about his points and suit length. Combining these two messages allows the partnership to find trump fits and avoid bidding too high. We try to pick trump suits where we have lots of trumps while our opponents have comparatively few.
Eight trumps to your opponents' five meets this requirement, though it's even better to have 9 or 10 trumps. Contracts in major suits score more points than in minors, so we design our bidding system to find major suit fits. If we open the bidding in a major suit, we promise at least 5 cards in the suit. If so, partner will make a bid confirming that we have found an 8 card major suit fit. We can also have an 8 card major suit fit with 4 cards in each hand.
To find such fits, we bid something else for our opening bid and use subsequent major suit bids to uncover the fit. Your spades are far weaker than your diamonds, but we give preference to five card or longer majors.
Partner could easily hold three spades, and if you don't bid your five card suit, you could miss the 8 card major suit fit. Finding major suit fits is our top priority. This kind of suit, where you have some of the top honors, is far more common than the previous two example hands with rotten suits. Your diamonds are a longer and stronger suit, but we give preference to majors over minors. Always open your major if you have five or more of them. Some bidding systems have complicated rules for deciding when to open your five card major and when to open something else.
In the section on opener's rebids , we will learn how our rebids show partner which strength group our opening bid fits into. How many points? What do you bid? If you thought this was a 19, 20, or 21 point hand, perhaps you should review how to count points. Notrump bids describe both the high-card strength and the distribution of the hand.
They promise balanced distribution — no short suits singleton or void and no long suits 6 or more cards. They are among the most desirable bids because they make future bidding decisions easy for partner.
This hand is almost the same as the previous hand. I've moved one card from diamonds into hearts. You still have a balanced hand of 15 hcp.
But we give priority to five card majors. This time I've reversed your red suits. Five card minors are OK for opening NT bids. Open 1NT. Nice hand.
Open 2NT. Your hand is minimum for 1NT. Little Bear says, "Hey, wait a minute. You left out some numbers. What about notrumpy hands with hcp or points? Do I just pass those hands? Good questions, Little Bear. No you don't pass those hands. It takes two bids to show notrumpy hands with those point ranges. We'll talk more about opener's rebids after we learn about other opening bids and responses to opening bids.
What is your opening bid? Minor suit openings have the same 12 to 21 hcp range as the major suits. But they do not have the same suit length requirement. So we open in a minor suit. When we open in a minor suit we usually choose the longer minor, even if it's only 3 cards in length. You might think that any opening bid is an attempt to find a trump fit in the suit bid. With major suits, that's correct. But with minor suits, we often use the bid as the beginning of a two-bid sequence where the second bid is more important than the suit opened.
Minor suits are well named — they have only minor importance. Majors and no-trump are both higher priority for final contracts. The singleton heart disqualifies the hand for a NT opening. What's your opening bid? What's your bid? Try this one. Be careful We don't really like opening the bidding in a three-card suit.
It's not an accurate description of our hand. When we have to do it, we'd like Partner to respond even on a marginal hand, so we can make a descriptive rebid.
What about when our minor suits are ? We don't want to treat such hands the same way we do when we are in the minors. We open diamonds with , and clubs with What do you open? This doesn't fit any of the opening bids we've learned so far. We have a special bid for such "monsters. In theory, you could even be void clubs. Some hands don't have the hcp strength for a one-level opening bid, but with six or seven cards in a suit they can take tricks with extra trumps instead of taking them with high cards.
This hand has only 9 hcp, but if spades become trump you will be able to trump some of your opponents' honor cards. This may seem mean, but it makes partner happy. Taking up bidding space by opening at the two level makes it more difficult for your opponents to uncover their best trump fit and judge how high to bid. Smile again! We do not have a weak two available in clubs.
Opening bids at the three level and higher, preemptive opening bids, show weak hands with long suits. After you preempt, your opponents don't have enough bidding space to describe their hands before choosing a contract. They will be guessing, which leads to good scores for your side when they guess poorly. Your bid may seem wildly unsafe, but it isn't. If partner doesn't have enough winners for you to make this contract, then your side cannot stop your opponents from making a game or even a slam.
With hearts as trump, you can take 6 tricks. But look at what they can make. They have 13 top winners. They're "supposed" to bid and make a slam. They get a poor result, and you get a good result, if they allow you to name hearts as trump.
What are the guidelines for preempts? With weak hands, the length of your trump suit tells you how high to bid. We base our opening bids on a system of counting points for honor cards, then adjusting the count for distribution. Go to the next topic:. Responses to opening bids. How to Count Points. Opener's Rebids. Responding to an Overcall.
Takeout Doubles. Responding to a Takeout Double. Bridge Bears is run by a retired teacher and ACBL life master who has 35 years teaching experience and who's been playing bridge for over 50 years. I don't claim to be one of the top players, but I do understand how slowly beginners need to go when they are trying to learn how to play bridge.
All rights reserved. No part of this website may be copied, displayed on another website, or distributed in any way without permission from the author. The search for a major suit fit.