How To French Polish Furniture
Feb 24, · Furniture Wax; Steps Here are the steps which are required to French polish your old furniture: Smooth Surface: In order to apply French polish you need to make your surface smooth because dust, dirt, and grime will damage your polish. Mix: Take 1 pint of denatured alcohol with 3 ounces of shellac flakes and mix them well. Keep this mixture in tightly sealed container. Apr 28, · About 1 part meths to 4 parts French polish. This just thins it out a touch. Paint a fairly dry coat over your leather and apply quickly. As a rule, try to apply the polish within a couple of minutes of starting because it will start to dry and can leave drag marks with the brush. Repeat this process one hour later and allow to dry overnight.
Alex Webster, an antique restorer and French polisher, explains five techniques to save damaged furniture yourself with these DIY French polishing techniques — and warns polishh when you need to call in an expert. Alex Webster is a French polisher, furniture restorer and cabinet maker based in Colwyn Bay. When liquid is left to sit on a polished surface too long it will sink into the finish.
The bottom of a hot cup will futniture the same, with how to remove shortcut virus from pc permanently softening the polish and then trapping moisture inside as it cools. Removing this is often simple. To start, you will need an extra fine grade wire wool.
Make a tennis ball size pad with a ball of the wire wool, start rubbing gently with the grain of the wood and then increase the pressure until it starts to disappear. Once the stain has gone, continue over the whole area to ensure a uniform appearance. This should leave your top clean, watermark free but with a matt finish. Bringing back the shine can be achieved by using a good quality beeswax. Use a colour that matches your furniture, apply with a soft cloth and then buff off for a shine.
This can be repeated until the desired shine is achieved. A cheeky tip if you have a highly polished piece of furniture… lod higher shine can be achieved by using a soft cloth and a metal polish such as Brasso or T-cut. Apply to a soft cloth so that the cloth feels damp with the polish, not wet, and concentrate on small areas at a time, buffing small areas then going over with a clean cloth, like you would with the wax. As with all polissh methods, always try on a small discreet area first to ensure the method works on the individual piece.
This can be difficult to remove, but an extra fine grade wire wool and some white spirits will break this down and make it easy to remove. Just pour a small amount on to your small ball of wire wool and rub the area gently frenvh it starts to remove.
How to make mixed media collage large pieces may take some time if they need going over completely. Keep changing your wire wool for a new piece to ensure the grime is removed. The white spirit can sink into the grain of the wood and appear darker — allow this to dry and it will lighten. Once dry use a how to french polish old furniture, dry piece of wire wool to clean over the area to remove any residue.
You can then revive any colour that has been lost on the bottom of the legs with a wood dye that matches the colour of the table, and finish with a beeswax to complete the finish.
As with all work surfaces, these can often become worn and dull. A good natural looking shine on a leather makes all the difference. For this I use French polish. This comes ready mixed in a bottle but for a finer finish pour some into a pot and add a splash what is a memory clock methalated spirits. About 1 part meths to 4 parts French polish. Olld just thins it out a touch.
Paint a fairly dry coat over your leather and apply quickly. As a rule, try to apply the polish within a couple of minutes of starting because it will start to dry and can leave drag marks with the brush. Repeat this process one hour later and allow to dry overnight. Gently rub again with an funriture fine wire wool to help make the finish uniform and polish with a beeswax to leave the leather looking polished, nourished and rich with an original looking patina.
Wax sticks are available in various sets and colours. These can be used as both a filler for deeper scratches frenxh to hide more minor scratches by using them almost like a crayon. For the deeper scratches, I like to break a small piece off the stick and melt it. This can be done in a spoon over how much will it cost to cancel my vodafone contract candle or the hob.
This also gives you an opportunity to mix the colours together to get a perfect match. I then use a small paint brush, dip it into furmiture melted wax and fill the hole. Allow to cool for 5 minutes, and then use a plastic card such as a bank card and gently rub over the area to remove excess wax until completely furnitue and smooth.
Then use a soft cloth or your finger to gently oldd the wax until it shines. This will help blend it in with your polished top. To darken a piece of furniture it usually needs to be brought down to its bare wood state. This can be done by sanding or by using a varnish stripper or methylated spirit and wire wool, but this is often the most time-consuming part of the darkening process.
Once stripped, paint a coat of stain over the piece as even as possible, ensuring no brush marks. Use a stain that reflects the shade you desire. The dye should not take long to dry and will then need to be sealed with a neat coat of French polish. Again, paint this on evenly and fairly dry to avoid an hoq tacky looking finish. If the furniture is still too light you can apply another coat of stain exactly the same way and then apply another ot of French polish to seal.
Once happy with the shade of colour add a thinned coat of French polish for a finer finish. This then needs to be left overnight to harden, before using a good dark coloured wax to achieve a softer more natural finish.
Again, be sure to try any of these techniques on a discreet area before tackling the more visible, larger areas. They how to do maths fractions not suit your piece and you do not want to cause costly damage.
Build your skills and confidence steadily. Many modern pieces of furniture and reproduction antiques have a spray lacquer finish. Damage to a spray lacquer can only be fixed by a professional. If a veneered or Marquetry table has a very bad stain, it can often be the case that the stain has passed right through the veneers making it difficult to remove.
This usually requires dangerous chemicals or sanding. The chemicals should of course only be used by experienced restorers, and sanding runs the very real risk of sanding right the way through to the base how to french polish old furniture below. The veneers will obviously then need to be replaced which is costly and very specialist. If metal objects are left wet on bare oak an oxidation takes place deeply staining the timber. A well-worn oak refectory table what are the factors of 108 look great with all its finish gently worn off over years of use, with many subtle stains and plenty of character, but a black stain is too much of a contrast.
Sanding would cause too deep of a scoop in the top, so chemicals that should only be used by experienced professionals are required. These are toxic and can often require a licence. Best left to the expert. Candles left too long how to make a mocha iced coffee at home furniture or occasionally cigarettes or cigars falling from the ash tray can cause burns.
These also cause deep damage and are rarely just surface marks so often require sanding, and this risks damaging timber, colour and finish that are beyond an amateur enthusiast to reapply. Some timbers do not take colour. They can be so naturally hod and have such a tight grain that colour does not penetrate the dense timber surface.
The only way to darken it is to paint a fine layer of stain over the piece, seal it with French polish and repeat. This is a difficult skill to master, especially as the blending of the correct colour is a skill in itself, and attempting it on a valued piece of furniture can cause not only a mess, but a job which is more expensive to remedy than if it was left to a professional from the start.
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How to give a new lease of life to a piece of old furniture.
Mar 21, · Polish the surface with rottenstone and olive oil. Place the rottenstone in a salt shaker and sprinkle it on the surface, then apply a few drops of olive oil to a fresh pad and rub the entire surface until you're satisfied with its appearance. 10 Finish with a thin coat of furniture wax to help protect your French polish from damage%(). French polish is applied using a 'rubber', which is a pad of lint free cloth stuffed with cotton wool To make the rubber, pack some cotton wool (or soft cotton cloth, etc.) into the centre of a square of lint free cloth. Fold up all the corners of the square, pull tight, and twist. Related - antique furniture restoration Posts. How to Clean and Restore your Antique Clock - November 22, ; Protect your Antique Furniture with Fiddes Bees Wax - November 3, ; Antique Furniture Restoration & French Polishing - September 3, ; Helpful Tips When Restoring Antique Furniture - November 9,
Last Updated: August 7, References Approved. To create this article, 10 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. This article has been viewed , times. Learn more French polish is a high-gloss finish for wood that consists of shellac. It is difficult to apply and requires a lot of work, but the end result is worth the effort.
Cookie Settings. Learn why people trust wikiHow. Download Article Explore this Article Steps. Tips and Warnings. Things You'll Need. Related Articles. Begin with a clean, perfectly smooth wood surface and a clean, dust-free, warm room. Any imperfections in the wood or dust that settles onto the surface while you're working will show up in the polish. A cold room will cause the polish to be cloudy. Mix 3 ounces of shellac flakes with 1 pint of denatured alcohol. Keep the mixture in a tightly sealed container, pouring small amounts into a shallow bowl as you work.
Although you can buy shellac already mixed, the fresher it is, the better the results will be. Use gloves when working with shellac. Soak a wad of gauze in shellac, then place it inside a cotton cloth a piece of an old bed sheet or white tee-shirt works well. Tie up the ends of the cloth with string to make a sort of handle.
Squeeze the pad to force most of the shellac out. Add a few drops of olive oil to the pad. You may want to use an eyedropper to keep from adding too much. The purpose of the oil is to keep the pad from drying out and sticking as you apply shellac. If the pad does start to stick, add another couple of drops of oil.
Apply the shellac to the wood surface in a gliding or sweeping motion, working one small area at a time, perhaps 2 square feet. Gradually change to circular, then figure-8 motions. Each sweep will leave a thin layer of shellac, and your goal is to leave about of these layers in one boding session. Build a fresh pad, then add a few drops shellac and several drops of alcohol to the cloth. Begin your stiffing session by sweeping the pad in even strokes from one side to the other to smooth out any unevenness in the shellac.
Take care not to remove any shellac. Allow the work to sit for a couple of hours so any oil can come to the surface. This is a separate step called spiriting. Let the work sit for several hours so it can dry completely, then repeat the boding, stiffing and spiriting sessions. You will do this several times to build up a thick shellac surface on the wood. Polish the surface with rottenstone and olive oil. Place the rottenstone in a salt shaker and sprinkle it on the surface, then apply a few drops of olive oil to a fresh pad and rub the entire surface until you're satisfied with its appearance.
Finish with a thin coat of furniture wax to help protect your French polish from damage. It is. You need to practice a lot. Try it on a test piece first and practice a little bit. Yes No. Not Helpful 2 Helpful Yes, absolutely! Just make sure it's sanded smooth, and you've got all the dust cleaned off. It might also be worth sealing off any knots on the visible face. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 6. Build it up in layers, then sand down to blend with the thickness of the surrounding area.
Not Helpful 4 Helpful The darker the polish, the more it will enhance the grain. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 5. A professional furniture restorer assured me that you can use standard purple-colored methylated spirits from a hardware store and shellac flakes from an art store.
Fill a glass container with the flakes, then pour in enough meths to just cover the flakes. Seal and shake well, then leave for 24 hours. Put an old t-shirt over the mouth of another jar and slowly pour the shellac into the new jar. This will filter out any lumps. Use the mix within 3 months. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 7. Not Helpful 6 Helpful 9. No, you would need to remove the wax before adding the French polish. Not Helpful 2 Helpful 2. Not Helpful 3 Helpful 2. Make up a mixture with equal parts linseed oil, mineral turpentine, methylated spirits, and white vinegar.
Shake jar vigorously. Apply using very fine grade steel wool. This removes the gunk but does not damage the original surface. After two or three applications, all the old polish will have gone and you will have a very smooth surface to work with.
Treat the surface with linseed oil to help feed the timber and leave it to dry overnight. Not Helpful 5 Helpful 4. A French polish is a white strip painted on the tip of your nail. Not Helpful 97 Helpful 7. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
A French polish can be applied over finished wood as long as it doesn't have an acrylic or similar coating that leaves a layer of plastic.
Helpful 1 Not Helpful 0. Submit a Tip All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Denatured alcohol is flammable. Helpful 11 Not Helpful 4. Helpful 13 Not Helpful 7. Related wikiHows How to. How to. Co-authors: Updated: August 7, Categories: Furniture Finishes Furniture Polish. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read , times. I have read many articles, but yours was the first to say once teak oil has been used, it must be reapplied periodically and can never be used outside.